History and Heritage in Georgia, USA
Georgia’s earliest colonial history can be traced to the shores of Savannah where British colonists landed in 1733 to claim the area for King George II.
During the early 1800’s cotton was fast becoming the state’s major crop along with an increasing number of African slaves to work the large plantations. Conflict between the North and South over slavery was one of the catalysts for the Civil War in the United States.
Pivotal during the American Civil War, Georgia is home to many historic war and battle sites right across the state from Atlanta to Savannah with the famous General Sherman’s March to the Sea.
Following the civil war and the state’s reconstruction the early 20th Century saw Georgia emerge as a largely rural, agricultural state, during which time the seeds of the civil rights movement were sown. By the 1950’s the state was thriving following its participation in the World War II war effort and Atlanta was fast becoming a major centre of the emerging civil right movement led by its native Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Georgia’s ascent to the world stage captured international attention during the Atlanta’s hosting of the 1996 Summer Olympic Games which brought huge numbers of visitors to the state. Indeed, Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson is now the busiest airport in the world and home to the World’s largest air carrier – Delta Air Lines.
Historic Savannah is one of the most popular destinations for visitors looking to experience a bygone era in the present day. The largest port in Georgia, this historic city overlooks the Savannah River and showcases examples of architectural styles of the 18th and 19th centuries, lush parks and an impressive cobbled waterfront. As the sun sets, here you'll find the perfect spot at one of the many cafes to sip a mint julep as you read Gone with the Wind, the iconic novel penned by Margaret Mitchell in Atlanta.
Across the state, artefacts, homes and sites have been preserved, museums created and guides employed to proudly show and highlight Georgia’s contribution to the history and culture of the United States. A vast array of Georgia’s past and heritage is waiting to be explored.